Using a Sample of a Literature Review for Research Paper

A vital part of your research paper is a literature review, which is a collection of materials on your research topic that might include anything. You can use books, scholarly journals, magazine articles, statistical databases, and various online resources. Some of these sources might not support your own point of view, but they should help you describe the research subject in full.

So, your literature review should represent published information in a particular research area. It should be well-organized, and include the synthesis and summary of the material. You should interpret vital information and discuss the key issues in the field. Sometimes, it is also a good idea to evaluate the sources and choose the most relevant ones. Additionally, you demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge in the field of study. Remember that the literature should support your contribution and help you provide solid arguments to support your research statement.

You can also visit your university library and find plenty of good samples of literature reviews. Numerous good examples can be easily found online. However, you should somehow evaluate the quality of a chosen example; use the information below:

  1. Ask your supervisor how many sources you should include in the literature review, and try to pick an example holding roughly the same amount of sources.
  2. Choose a sample with various types of sources.
  3. Develop your writing strategy; decide whether it makes sense to synthesize, summarize, or criticize the ideas provides by others; and find an example where a similar strategy is used.

You should learn different ways of literature review organization and select the most appropriate one for your research. The most common strategy that you can employ is described below:

  1. Write a brief introduction.

    Describe the central idea and organizational pattern.

  2. Organize the body.

    Discuss your literature sources and organize them in a certain way. For example:

    • Chronological (by trend or publication date)
    • Thematic (around an issue or topic)
    • Methodological (about research methods and approaches)
  3. Add other sections if necessary.

    Sometimes, it makes sense to describe a current situation, history, standards, or questions for further consideration.

  4. Summarize the material.

    Your literature review should end with a short conclusion, where you indicate the main findings so far and outline the directions where the discussion might proceed.

When a draft is ready, you have to revise it. You should present the material in a clear manner, use appropriate terminology, avoid jargon, and make sure you cite all the sources properly.


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